Academic Commons Solution Stories

Academy commons stimulate behaviors that support openness in all stages of the research cycle

Incentives in academy commons are designed to stimulate behaviors that support the production and dissemination of the best scholarship and science. They encourage respect for commons governance and rules and they discourage behaviors and practices that inhibit participation. They apply to all stages of and participants in the research cycle. They respect and support non­standard research outputs (such as datasets, software)... more »

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Academic Commons Solution Stories

In academy commons, the form research is disseminated in is determined by the needs of the research itself

Academy commons encourage research to be disseminated in the form that makes the most sense for that research: i.e. as a dataset, software, clinical practice notes, letters, blogs... or articles and monographs. They discourage the use of inappropriate forms solely for reasons of tradition, metrics, or to satisfy reward or evaluation systems (e.g. the publication of an article in order to claim credit for a dataset or... more »

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The Academy is Broken Stories

MFA vs PHD

There is a rapid growth of PhD programs in Art and Design responding to the growth of the art/sci/tech/design research and creative practice community ( eg the SACRE PHD in paris)

In the USA there are two 'terminal degrees' now for artists and designers
the MFA- master of fine arts
and the PHD in art and design

universities are under pressure to have nore phd;s and produce more phds to be higher in the shanghai and... more »

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The backward ways of academic book publishing -- and the leadership void

As an independent scholar who is often asked to contribute to anthologies of academic essays, I find the high price and Creative-Commons-hostile nature of academic books to be a serious deterrent to reaching my intended audiences -- or to even publishing with academic book publishers. Their books are priced between $100 and $150, for the library market. The publishers (Sage, Elsevier, Cambridge, etc.) reject or are ignorant... more »

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Academic Commons Solution Stories

Think Global, Print Local: A New Publishing Model

When some Spaniards decided they wanted to translate one of my books into Spanish and give it broad distribution, including in Latin America, we came up with a new publishing model that may have some instructive elements for future academic book publishing. As described on my blog, Bollier.org (at http://www.bollier.org/blog/think-global-print-local-new-commons-based-publishing-model and http://www.bollier.org/blog/spanish-translation-%E2%80%9Cthink-commoner%E2%80%9D-now-published),... more »

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Tech Commoning Produces an Innovative, High-end Microscope

The following text is excerpted from a chapter by Jacques Paysan in the book Patterns of Commoning. The chapter describes an open source community of researchers and engineers that has created an innovative, high-end microscope called OpenSPIM.

The story suggests the great potential for open design and production of scientific instruments -- even quite sophisticated, complicated ones -- if researchers self-organize... more »

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Academic Commons Solution Stories

Better than Tenure: new thoughts on the bargain between universities and their faculty

What is better than tenure? Here are the beginnings of potential guidelines, a strawman to build from. What's YOUR solution?:

1) A university-wide pay scale for teaching courses that allows for incremental adjustments for years served, and bonuses for class size and results (how do we want to measure results?). No second-class citizens in this system. Everyone who steps up to teach has the rank of professor. The full-time... more »

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art-sci lab

i took up a position of the university of texas,dallas- en endowed chair- i am an astrophysicist and am a full profesor in physics, but also in the new school of art.technology of emerging communication- we set up the art-sci lab-we work on projects which cannot be done unless artists, designers work with scientists or engineers. I have students in the lab from multiple departments ( psychology, business, science, art... more »

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The Academy is Broken Stories

Restricted access to outputs and collaboration

* Research results are often not publicly accessible even if they have been funded by the public.

* Highly relevant research materials from publicly funded archives, museums, libraries and statistical inventories are either not available in digital form or inaccessible.

* Restricted access to and delayed dissemination of scholarly results limit knowledge transfer to researchers and other members of society.

* Production... more »

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Inefficient Processes

* The scholarly communication system is highly inefficient and exceedingly ex-pensive, albeit the emergence of electronic publishing, which greatly reduced printing and postal delivery costs, among others.

* The possibilities of digital technologies are currently not fully exploited in scholarly communication. Despite the ever-growing tool and infrastructure landscape, traditional scholarly communication methods tend... more »

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Lack of reproducibility and transparency

* The majority of research results cannot be reproduced due to lack of underlying data, process instructions and context information.

* Adequate contextual information is often missing, making it difficult to determine whether a piece of research is credible and can be built upon.

* Evaluation by peer review has a mighty filtering function but is often untransparent and potentially biased.

* There has been a rise in... more »

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Technical and legal barriers

* Research products (data, materials, source code, etc.) often cannot be reused due to technical and legal restrictions (e.g. copyright).

* Overly restrictive copyright transfer agreements impede knowledge circulation, and contribute to an oligopoly of publishers and information service providers.

Deficits of the Current Scholarly Communication System:
FROM:
Kraker, P., Dörler, D., Ferus, A., Gutounig, R., Heigl, F.,... more »

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Incentives in need of improvement

* The quantity of research output is often valued over its quality. Scholars are incentivised to publish research results in small pieces, which boosts the overall costs of academic publishing while impeding new, original research.

* Scholarly communication is constrained by current reward structures largely favouring publication of research results in renowned academic publishing venues.

* Peer review is not adequately... more »

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What research communication means in developing countries

I recently wrote a 2-part series of blog posts titled 'Miles to go for scholarly commons to become a global academic norm':

http://blog.inasp.info/miles-scholarly-commons-global-academic-norm-2/
http://blog.inasp.info/miles-scholarly-commons-global-academic-norm/

An excerpt:

'It is not enough to encourage researchers in the Tripuras and Thai Nguyens of the world today to share their research data and outputs in the... more »

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