The Academy is Broken Stories

have we entered the era of the genius team rather than the individual genius

in an essay that i have submitted on trandsdisciplinary collaboration and how to train professionals for future work- it seems to me that in many domains we are now dominated by collaborative work ( less than 10% of all scientific papers today have only one author).

one of the obstacles is that our educational systems are built around the idea of the individual genius- and not a group of people who display genius

i... more »

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Academic Commons Solution Stories

Varieties of Self-Governance in Networked Spaces (A Partial List)

There are a wide variety of possible self-governance regimes that a group can use in networked spaces. Below is a listing of some of the more salient ones, but this list is clearly incomplete. This topic is generally under-theorized even though there are plentiful examples, most of them hybrids.

* Benevolent founder & director, e.g., Craig Newmark (Craigslist), Linux Torvalds (Linux) and crowdfunded projects.
* Open... more »

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The Academy is Broken Stories

My research didn't fit neatly into a single department

My research in long-range transport of air pollution spanned several domains (atmospheric chemistry, physics, aerosols, remote sensing + scientific collaboration) and was inappropriately housed in mechanical engineering because my advisor started at the university in that department in 197X. At the end of my thesis proposal defense (4 years into my degree), one member of my committee said, "This is not really research... more »

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Earth Science Preprints - Ideas and Action Items

Technical Infrastructure

ESIP does not intend to host the physical infrastructure of Earth science preprints. Rather, we'd like to work with our community partners to leverage free and open-source software/infrastructure. With the growing interest in preprints several options have emerged: http://wiki.esipfed.org/index.php/Pre_Print_Services We are currently leaning toward the Center for Open Science's system coupled with the PLOS QA system.... more »

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Earth Science Preprints - Ideas and Action Items

Roadmap and Action Items

Having objectives and milestones will help focus discussions and move the entire process forward. What are these milestones? What is a reasonable timeframe?

Here are a couple of suggestions.

1.) Gather commitments from other societies (e.g. AGU, EGU, GSA, Geoscience World) to join with the ESIP Preprint Cluster as an initial advisory board (deadline: October)

2.) Generate by-laws and initial set of tasks for advisory... more »

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Academic Commons Solution Stories

Open Value Networks as a Platform for Academic Collaboration

Some digital communities use “open value accounting” software systems[1] to structure their internal governance and management of shared resources while building a new type of networked community. Open value networks, or OVNs, are voluntary, consensus-driven systems for measuring and valuing the in-kind/ energy and financial contributions of each of its participants. The goal is to make contributions, even small ones,... more »

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Academic Commons Solution Stories

The 2.5% Commitment to Support Shared Research Infrastructure

Academic research disciplines and libraries are losing control of scholarly infrastructure, which is making more elements of scholarly and scientific research dependent upon a few industry players that are exploiting their dominance of certain platforms for software, publishing, data analytics, and more. The top five academic publishers now account for nearly 50% of all journal articles, and new business strategies seek... more »

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Academic Commons Solution Stories

Taking Account of Collaborative Scholarship in Promotion and Tenure Decisions

The problem of evaluating an individual’s scholarly performance is akin to asking, How do you assign credit to jokes? It sounds like a frivolous question, but in fact the analogy holds. A landmark 1981 article on the public domain by Professor David Lange explored this very issue as it pertained to vaudeville humorists. Groucho Marx once explained that the use of material from other comedy acts, was entirely routine,... more »

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Academic Commons Solution Stories

Commons in the academy are developed and governed by their members through their practice

Commons are agreements among members (commoners) to grow and steward scholarly and scientific objects as a common resource that can (help) sustain open scholarship.

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The commons starts with people: a community of commoners. To paraphrase Peter Linebaugh, there is no commons without commoners.

This means that there is no single organisation or person responsible for oversight of the commons. There is no gatekeeper... more »

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Commons are open to all participants who accept their principles

Commons support a diversity of skills and knowledge without privileging any. All commoners will find a home for their knowledge and their interests. Participation in a commons is not restricted on the basis of accreditation, professional standing or reputation, or any other criteria except willingness to contribute and uphold the principles of the commons. Content and behaviour are the only criteria for moderation within... more »

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Academy commons welcome and encourage participants of all backgrounds

Academic commons welcome and encourage participants of all genders, social, regional, ethnic, linguistic, and disciplinary backgrounds. They also recognise that disagreement is an inherent part of research communication, including disagreement as to fundamental principles and theories.

Discussion

These commons are an ecosystem that is defined by the interactions of each and every commoner that participates in jointly... more »

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All contributions to academy commons are attributed

Academic commons are constructed so that all activities that contribute to human understanding and scholarship are attributed unambiguously. This is both to recognise contribution and establish provenance and responsibility. While this recognition can be used by other systems as the basis for the assignment of rewards (e.g. pay, promotion, positions, and honours), commons do not impose an intrinsic hierarchy on participation:... more »

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Academic commons accept all contributed objects that adhere to their guidelines on an equal basis regardless of form

All research objects that conform to the parameters of academy commons can be housed in or referenced by these commons on an equal basis. There are no intrinsically preferred forms, genres, or approaches.

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In order to improve the breadth and pace of knowledge generation, academic commons will accept any contributed object that adheres to their guidelines. Because these commons are grounded by a logic of abundance... more »

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Academic Commons Solution Stories

Content in academy commons are OPEN and FAIR​: Findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable by humans and machines.

Because academy commons are explicitly launching in the age of machine­ and human­-based networks, all scholarly objects and content is to conform to FAIR principles (Wilkinson et al., 2016). While the original FAIR principles explicitly referenced data, in academy commons, the idea of FAIR is extended to all types of ​digital outputs, including conversations, annotations, comments. "Open" here adds the aspect of publicly... more »

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Academic Commons Solution Stories

A publisher in an academy commons is any entity that will ensure that outputs are open and FAIR

Any person, organization or other entity can make scholarly work public. As long as the criteria for FAIR output are met, this is considered publishing a work. There will be no action in academy commons that is restricted to publishing companies or entities that currently act as such (e.g. scholarly societies), nor are they excluded. In order to participate in academy commons, publishers must ensure that work adheres... more »

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