* The scholarly communication system is highly inefficient and exceedingly ex-pensive, albeit the emergence of electronic publishing, which greatly reduced printing and postal delivery costs, among others.
* The possibilities of digital technologies are currently not fully exploited in scholarly communication. Despite the ever-growing tool and infrastructure landscape, traditional scholarly communication methods tend to prevail in many research disciplines.
* Research output has grown exponentially over the last few centuries. This has led to an enormous increase in knowledge, but also to information overload. A lot of time is needlessly wasted on duplicated work.
* The peer review system is overloaded and many research results are reviewed multiple times due to high rejection rates.
Deficits of the Current Scholarly Communication System:
Kraker, P., Dörler, D., Ferus, A., Gutounig, R., Heigl, F., Kaier, C., … Wandl-Vogt, E. (2016, June 15). The Vienna Principles: A Vision for Scholarly Communication in the 21st Century. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.55597