Academic Commons Solution Stories

Academy commons are open by default

Openness is the core value for academy commons. These are intentionally and reflexively open. Their goods are entirely free to use, read, reuse, and remix by humans and machines, unless there is a compelling reason to restrict access, e.g., personal health information. Scholarly commoning starts with openness as a norm, and supports activities that explore open scholarship fully. Sharing for reuse is the main activity in academy commons.



Academy commons use standards and guidelines developed by other organisations (e.g., ​OKFN Open Definition​, ​Budapest Open Access Initiative​guidelines, and the ​Open Source Initiative definition​) to inform their core definition of open content and access. Openness includes outcomes from these commons, and so it will be reinforced through the use of licenses that support the sharing of outcomes, such as knowledge gained by mining the Commons, research undertaken using commons resources, and software derived for commons code. Academy commons will support a variety of open licenses. In their daily practice, commoners heed the requirements of these licenses and add their own content through them. Open includes promoting machine access to resources and metadata.

Openness includes the right to deposit as well as to access, read, analyze, cite, quote, and mine.

Where privacy is important to protect the rights of data providers or subjects, academy commons will select methods of securing these data.


“...[I]f we could solve the problem of open access within the university—that is to say, prove that the economic equation of doing research, reviewing it, and making it freely available for everyone works, then we could prove that the tyranny of the margin need not operate everywhere.” Christopher Kelty


“Our mission of disseminating knowledge is only half complete if the information is not made widely and readily available to society.”­Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities, 2003


“Computer analysis of content in all formats, that is content mining, enables access to undiscovered public knowledge and provides important insights across every aspect of our economic, social and cultural life.”­Hague Declaration on Knowledge Discovery in the Digital Age


“When intellectual property law allows content to be read and analysed manually by humans but not by their machines, it has failed its original purposes.”­Hague Declaration on Knowledge Discovery in the Digital Age.


Adapted from Version .05 Force11 Commons Principles


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Idea No. 34